Strategic research areas

Sustainable bio-economy and policy evaluation

Scope of activities

  • Production, structures and competitiveness of agricultural sectors • macro-economics of agro-food production • agricultural markets • economic, environmental and social sustainability of value chains • EU and national agricultural policies • modelling, impact assessment and support to decision makers • data provision for the OECD and the WTO.
  • Group strength: Eight persons, including three with doctoral degrees and another five with first degrees.

Key experts

TIKÁSZ Ildikó Edit (F) ORCID

Head of the AKI Cash Crops and Animal Feeding Research Group, with fourteen years of relevant research and knowledge-sharing experience. Her main research topics are cereals, oilseeds and protein crop value chains, including especially soybean production and animal feeding in Hungary, where the particular focus is on sustainability issues. The results of her economic analyses provide support to decision making in the related policy areas. She represents AKI in the agri benchmark Cash Crop network.

BIRÓ Szabolcs (M)

Specialist in land policy but also involved in several research topics connected to agricultural development in rural areas, from innovation to agricultural employment, cooperation and water management. He is the leader of research on the complex development of rural areas and agricultural production, author and editor of scientific books.

GARAY Róbert (M)

Over 15 years of experience in agricultural statistics, research and policy analysis. Main research topics are the structural changes and competitiveness of agriculture, the economy, the capacities and international dimensions of bioenergy production, and greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture. Has participated in several international research and policy development projects on the above topics.

Selected research publications

Tikász, I. E., Bene, E., Križová, S., Novotnŷ, P. and Jambrová, M. (2017): Competitiveness of crop production. In Biró, Sz. (ed) Structural changes in agriculture since EU accession in Slovakia, the Czech Republic and Hungary. Agricultural Economics Books. Research Institute of Agricultural Economics, Budapest, 51-74.

Jankuné Kürthy, Gy. és Tikász, I. E. (szerk.) (2016): Az osztrák élelmiszer-gazdaság működésének és sikereinek elemzése. Agrárgazdasági Tanulmányok. Agrárgazdasági Kutató Intézet, Budapest.

Potori, N., Kovács, M. and Vásáry, V. (2013): The Common Agricultural Policy 2014-2020: an impact assessment of the new system of direct payments in Hungary. Studies in Agricultural Economics 115 (3), 118-123.

Natural resource management in agriculture

Scope of activities

  • Efficient and sustainable use of natural resources in the agri-food economy • assessing productivity and efficiency of the agri-food economy • evaluating farmers’ exposure to risk and risk management strategies • developing farm adaptation tools to climatic risks through optimal insurance solutions • modelling the adaptation possibilities in agricultural production to climate changes • bio-economic modelling of irrigation water policies.
  • Group strength: Three persons, two of them with doctoral degrees.

Key experts


Empirical research experience in microeconomic efficiency and productivity estimations of agri-food production, development of climatic risk management tools for crop producers, exchange rate volatility effects on agri-food production performance, financing and taxation of the food economy in Hungary, Romania and France over 15 years. Has been awarded a research fellowship from the Global Development Network Regional Research Competition and a Bolyai János Research Scholarship.

MISKÓ Krisztina (M)

Over 15 years research experience in the field of rural development. Involved in several research topics such as agricultural employment, cooperation in agriculture, LEADER Programme, innovation and agri-environmental issues. Research portfolio includes planning and evaluation of Rural Development Programmes (SAPARD, AVOP, ÚMVP). Currently the most prominent research areas are sustainable development, environmental questions connection to agriculture and biodiversity, sustainable use of natural resources, particularly ecosystem services in agriculture, and rural development.

Selected research publications

Fertő, I., Fogarasi, J., Major, A. and Podruzsik, Sz. (2017): The Emergence and Survival of Microbreweries in Hungary. In Garavaglia, C. and Swinnen, J. (eds): Economic Perspectives on Craft Beer. A Revolution in the Global Beer Industry, Palgrave Macmillan, 479 p.

Fogarasi, J., Kemény, G., Molnár, A., Keményné Horváth, Zs., Zubor-Nemes, A. and Kiss A. (2016): Modelling climate effects on Hungarian winter wheat and maize yields. Studies in Agricultural Economics 118 (2) 85-90.

Bojnec, Š., Fertő, I. and Fogarasi, J. (2014): Quality of institutions and the BRIC countries agro-food exports. China Agricultural Economic Review 6 (3): 379-394.

Resource-efficient agri-food value chains

Scope of activities

  • Economy of the food chain from fork to farm • role of geographical indications in stimulating consumption • improving market access for farmers • food industry supply and demand • vertical and horizontal relationships • changes in the retail sector • food retail trade instruments • the relationship between the food chain, the suppliers and the food retail sector and food consumption • traditional and alternative channels to market • food business operation strategy • multilateral and bilateral trade agreements • changes in commodity structure of foreign trade activities.
  • Group strength: Seven persons, including two with doctoral degrees and another five with first degrees.

Key experts


Head of the AKI Food Chain Research Department. Twenty years research experience in food chain, economics of food processing, food retail, foreign trade of agricultural and food products, bilateral and multilateral trade agreements, organic farming, and calculation of PSE/CSE indicators for OECD and AMS for WTO. International project experience as an expert, consultant or team leader in several fields, especially organic farming. (Partner or donor countries: Austria, Czech Republic, FYR Macedonia, Germany, Poland and Serbia).

DUDÁS Gyula (M)

Over twelve years research experience in the supply chain of the fruit and vegetable (F&V) sector including production, processing, trade and farmers’ cooperatives. Expert in cost and income analyses of F&V products within the Farm Accountancy Data Network (FADN). Practical experience in the coordination of F&V producers as the Chairman of the Board of Directors of a Hungarian F&V Producer Organisation. Experience as a consultant in the Hungarian Rural Development Programme.

Selected research publications

Dudás, Gy., Jankuné Kürthy, Gy. és Felkai, B. O. (szerk.) (2017): A magyarországi élelmiszeripar helyzete és jövőképe. Agrárgazdasági Kutató Intézet, Budapest.

Jankuné Kürthy, Gy. and Dudás, Gy. (2015): Impacts of the Production of Private Labels on Food Retailing and its Suppliers in Hungary, in F. Martinez-Lopez, J.C. Gazquez-Abad and R. Sethuraman (eds), Advances in National Brand and Private Label Marketing. Second International Conference, 2015. Cham (ZG), Switzerland: Springer.

Rural development and programme evaluation

Scope of activities

  • Evaluating rural development policy and legislation • factors influencing the carrying capacity of agriculture • roles of agriculture and food processing in the rural economy • farm structure modernisation • development of viable farms • land use analysis • use of renewable resources • societal, economic and social aspects employment in the agricultural economy • rural job creation and changing forms of rural employment • exploiting regional economic potential and strengthening economic and social development by improving product quality and increasing value added.

  • Group strength: Seven persons, including four with doctoral degrees and another three with first degrees.

Key experts

RÁCZ Katalin (F)

A sociologist by training, main research fields are agricultural employment, local economic development programmes for small farmers, social stratification in rural society, rural poverty, social economy, cooperative systems in agriculture and changing survival strategies in rural areas. Member of the Hungarian Sociological Association and the Hungarian Rural Science Association.

HAMZA Eszter (F)

Over 15 years research experience in the field of rural development. Main research fields are agricultural employment, human resources in food economy, farm-diversification, situation and development opportunities of small farms, knowledge-transfer in agriculture. Involved in planning and evaluation of Hungarian rural development programmes (SAPARD, AVOP, ÚMVP, VP).


Scientific Advisor of AKI. Fourteen years of research and teaching experience in Common and Community Policies of the EU, especially in analysis of the Common Agricultural Policy. Recipient of the Bolyai János Postdoctoral Research Fellowship awarded by the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS) 2011-2014. Project experience includes Jean Monnet projects, Social Renewal Operational Programme in Hungary - climate change, Strategic Research of the HAS and the Prime Minister’s Office - new rural development. Habilitation (2012) - ‘Sustainable Rural Economy’.

VARGA Eszter (F)

Expertise in R&D, innovation and in public benefit organisations. Nine years’ multidisciplinary research experience in rural development topics, including local partnerships (LEADER Programme), public benefit organisations, social innovation and rural cooperation. Has participated in the monitoring and evaluation of the Hungarian rural development programmes as well as in multilateral international research projects with topics such as knowledge transfer in agriculture and rural areas.

Selected research publications

Biró, Sz., Hamza, E. and Rácz, K. (2016): Economic and social importance of vertical and horizontal forms of agricultural cooperation in Hungary. Studies in Agricultural Economics 118 (2) 77-84.,

Katonáné Kovács, J., Varga, E. and Nemes, G. (2016): Understanding the process of social innovation in rural regions: some Hungarian case studies. Studies in Agricultural Economics, 118 (1), pp. 22-29.

Szabó, D. and Juhász, A. (2015): Consumers’ and producers’ perceptions of markets: service levels of the most important short food supply chains in Hungary. Studies in Agricultural Economics, 117 (2) 111-118.

Development opportunities in freshwater aquaculture

Scope of activities

  • Development of innovation in fisheries • natural yield of fish farms and economic assessment of natural food sources of lakes • surveys and research related to biodiversity and ecosystem services in aquaculture • developing a system to assess the ecological services of lakes • supporting fish marketing to increase domestic fish consumption • preparing harvesting statistics • collecting and analysing fish consumer price data • developing a Fish FADN • preparing reports for FAO • participation in international projects.
  • Group strength: Two persons, including one with doctoral degree and one with first degree.

Key experts


Twenty years experience in coordination of tasks related to the Hungarian fisheries sector, including the development of the Fisheries Operational Programmes identification and evaluation of the main indicators, and collection, analysis and processing of aquaculture data. She is a member of the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF) Expert Group, the MAHOP Monitoring Committee, and head of the data collection program on the aquaculture sector (DCF) in the framework of MAHOP.


Twelve years research experience in assessment of aquatic ecosystems, water quality and ecological status of aquatic habitats in accordance with the Water Framework Directive, as well as in stock assessment and faunistic studies of fish using various methods (e.g. gillnetting, electrofishing, hydroacoustics) and in the development of new fish sampling methods. Takes part in research aimed at the evaluation of the effects of fish production on ecosystems and the sustainable development of aquaculture since 2015. National correspondent of the EU Data Collection Framework (DCF), Delegated Member of the Monitoring Committee of the Hungarian Fisheries Operational Programme (MAHOP), Core team member of the Joint Danube Survey 3 (JDS3), regional communication assistant during the RESTORE LIFE+ project, and researcher in several international and Hungarian projects, including the MAHOP DCF data collection project.

Selected research publications

Smith, A. C., Harrison, P. A., Pérez Soba, M., Archaux, F., Blicharska, M., Egoh, B.N., Erős, T., Fabrega Domenech, N., György, Á.I., Haines-Young, R., Li, S., Lommelen, E., Meiresonne, L., Miguel Ayala, L., Mononen, L., Simpson, G., Stange, E., Turkelboom, F., Uiterwijk, M., Veerkamp, C.J. and Wyllie de Echeverria, V. (2017): How natural capital delivers ecosystem services: A typology derived from a systematic review. Ecosystem Services, 26 (A) 111–126.

György, Á.I., Tátrai, I. and Specziár, A. (2012): Relationship between horizontal hydroacoustic stock estimates and gillnet catches of surface-oriented fish in shallow Lake Balaton (Hungary). Knowledge and Management of Aquatic Ecosystems 405 (06), 17 p.

Biró, Sz., Kapronczai, I., Szűcs, I. és Váradi, L. (szerk.) (2011): Vízhasználat és öntözésfejlesztés a magyar mezőgazdaságban. Budapest: AKI.

Risk management and financial analysis

Scope of activities

  • Financial aspects (in particular agricultural subsidies, taxation and lending) of agricultural policy and their impact on the profitability of agricultural enterprises • investment, capitalisation and indebtedness in agricultural enterprises • resource allocation in agricultural businesses • income volatility in agriculture • income insurance and other risk mitigation solutions • development of modern methodological tools • database management • GIS analysis • decision making support tools.
  • Group strength: Fifteen persons, including five with doctoral degrees and another ten with first degrees.

Key experts


Over ten years practical research experience at the following fields: effect of changing international and domestic financial conditions on the prospects of the agricultural and food industry, proposals for policy decision makers about the possible financial instruments; assessment of taxation policy (especially income tax and value added tax), proposals for changes; analysis of the financial situation and profitability of agricultural and food enterprises.


Three years experience in the field of data management, especially in building databases and advanced queries in SQL, and is involved in the development of PMP models and complex statistical analysis. Was member of the core development team of the project that developed the Hungarian National Risk Management System. Portfolio also includes advanced skills in spatial modelling and mapping. With the 4M crop model has gained experience in crop yield simulation.

Selected research publications

Juhász, A., Kemény, G., Molnár, A., Illés, I. and Zubor-Nemes, A. (2017): The role of public policy in risk management: the case of the Hungarian Risk Management System. In Góral, J. and Wigier, M. (eds): Risk in the food economy – theory and practice. Multiannual Program Reports 2015-2019, Nr 49.1. Instytut Ekonomiki Rolnictwa i Gospodarki Żywnościowej – Państwowy Instytut Badawczy, Warszawa.,4,3,0,nr-491-risk-in-the-food-economy-theory-and-practice.html

Kemény, G., Lámfalusi, I. és Molnár, A. (szerk.) (2017): A precíziós szántóföldi növénytermesztés összehasonlító vizsgálata. Agrárgazdasági Könyvek. Agrárgazdasági Kutató Intézet, Budapest.

Lámfalusi, I., Tóth, K. and Pawlowska-Tyszko, J. (2014): Taxation in the Polish and Hungarian agriculture and health care systems, in: N. Potori, P. Chmieliński and A. Fieldsend (eds), Structural changes in Polish and Hungarian agriculture since EU accession: lessons learned and implications for the design of future agricultural policies. Budapest: AKI.