Gonzalez-Corzo Mario A. (2019-02-13): Agricultural Reforms, Land Distribution, and Non-Sugar Agricultural Production in Cuba

Since 2007, the Cuban government has introduced a series of agricultural reforms to increase non-sugar agricultural production and reduce the country’s dependency on food and agricultural imports. The most important agricultural reforms implemented in Cuba (so far) include: (a) increases in the prices paid by the state for selected agricultural products, (b) restructuring the Ministry of Agriculture (MINAGRI) and the Ministry of the Sugar Industry (MINAZ), (c) a new agricultural tax system, (d) the...

Ramirez Pastore Carlos Agustin és West Jason (2019-02-12): Competition Barriers to Paraguayan Beef Exports: An Economic Review

Paraguay’s beef industry has suffered sustained damage in credibility directly related to meat quality and process hygiene standards over the past two decades. These factors alone, however, are not the primary cause of persistent price discounting in export markets. Paraguay’s direct competitors have suffered similar export restrictions related to quality control but have since recovered to capture their original market share. We find that both a perceived and an actual absence of quality controls...

DJOKOTO Justice Gameli és POMEYIE Paragon (2018-11-19): Productivity of organic and conventional agriculture – a common technology analysis

The raging debate on organic versus conventional agriculture, and with regard to the aspect of productivity in particular, is far from conclusive. In this analysis, we explore the productivity comparison further through the evaluation of a common production technology used in 74 countries around the world, over the period 2005 to 2014. We found conventional agriculture to be more productive than organic agriculture. Whilst productivity of conventional agriculture is exponentially rising, that of...

CIAIAN Pavel, RAJCANIOVA Miroslava, GURI Fatmir, ZHLLIMA Edvin és SHAHU Edmira (2018-11-19): The impact of crop rotation and land fragmentation on farm productivity in Albania

In this study, we estimate the impact of land fragmentation and crop rotation on farm productivity in rural Albania. We employ a stochastic production frontier estimation approach to survey data collected among farm households in Albania in 2013. Our estimates suggest that land fragmentation improves farm efficiency, probably because it permits a better use of household labour during the production seasons. Our estimates also suggest that crop rotation increases farm efficiency. However, the impact...

KIM Man-Keun és TEJEDA Hernan A. (2018-11-16): Implicit Cost of the 2010 Foot-and-Mouth Disease in Korea

The most destructive foot-and-mouse disease (FMD) outbreak in Korea occurred in November 2010. Various studies have quantified the economic impact of culling affected animals, mostly swine, from the event by applying different assumptions to the Input-Output (IO) model. The present study takes into account a type of implicit cost, considering the types of effects in the previous literature, as well as costs that have been unaccounted for in prior studies. A seasonal autoregressive model (SARIMA)...

WONGPRAWMAS Rungsaran, CANAVARI Maurizio, IMAMI Drini, GJONBALAJ Mujë és GJOKAJ Ekrem (2018-11-16): Attitudes and preferences of Kosovar consumers towards quality and origin of meat

Quality and safety are important attributes for consumers in developed and transitional countries such as Kosovo. This study aims to examine Kosovar consumers’ characteristics, attitude and preferences towards meat as well as to provide meat consumer profiling using a descriptive analysis together with the Food-Related Lifestyle approach. We drew a sample of 300 Kosovar consumers by means of intercept sampling in Prishtina, Prizren and Gjilan. Results suggest that Kosovar consumers perceive country...

URRIOLA CANCHARI Nadia Nora, AQUINO RODRIGUEZ Carlos Alberto és BARAL Pradeep (2018-11-16): The impact of traditional and non-traditional agricultural exports on the economic growth of Peru: a short- and long-run analysis

This study aims to analyze and quantify the short- and long-run impact of agricultural exports–both traditional and non-traditional products–on economic growth of Peru using an annual time series data from 2000 to 2016 obtained from the Central Bank of Peru and the World Bank. Traditional agricultural exports value, non-traditional agricultural exports value, labor force and fixed capital formation value for each year of the stipulated period were used as determinant factors of the economic growth....

LEITÃO Nuno Carlos (2018-11): The relationship between carbon dioxide emissions and Portuguese agricultural productivity

This study analyses the relationship among carbon dioxide emissions, energy consumption, agricultural labour productivity, agricultural land productivity and agricultural raw material exports using a time series for the period 1960-2015. In this article, some theroretical hypotheses are formulated, aiming to explain the bidirectional causality between agricultural productivity and climate change. These hypotheses are tested by using Vector Autoregression (VAR), Granger causality and Vector Error...