Felkai Beáta Olga, Lámfalusi Ibolya, Péter Krisztina, Tanító Dezső, Tóth Kristóf and Varga Tibor (2013): The effects of changing the value added tax on agricultural and food products in Hungary. ISSN 2061-8204 Agrárgazdasági Könyvek Agrárgazdasági Kutató Intézet, Budapest. 110 p. ISBN ISBN 978-963-491-583-6

According to agricultural associations, fair market players and professional assessments the black market has increased greatly in the Hungarian agri-food sector, causing huge moral and financial losses for the honest players in the economy and for the state budget. The dominant opinion is that one of the main drivers of the spread of the black market in the sector is the high rates of value added tax (VAT) applied to agri-food products, which damage the competitive position of the sector and destroy...

Felkai Beáta Olga, Kemény Gábor and Varga Tibor (2012): The effects of weather risks on micro-regional insurance costs and yields in Hungarian agriculture. ISSN 2061-8204 Agrárgazdasági Könyvek Agrárgazdasági Kutató Intézet, Budapest. 88 p. ISBN 978-963-491-578-2

The research ‘The effects of weather risks on micro-regional insurance costs and yields in Hungarian agriculture’ examined the territorial differentiation of damage to wheat, maize, barley, sunfl ower seed, rapeseed, grape and apple production caused by drought, heavy rain and spring frost. The investigation evaluated the territorial differences in the effects of the weather on agricultural production and found that there are extremely high differences in the probabilities of damage in different...

Biró Szabolcs, Bögréné Bodrogi Gabriella, Kovács Máté, Kozak Anita, Molnár András, Mándi-Nagy Dániel, Papp Gergely, Popp József, Potori Norbert, Radóczné Kocsis Terézia, Rácz Katalin and Székely Erika (2012): Common Agricultural Policy 2014-2020: The expected impacts and challenges in Hungary of the proposed reforms. Agrárgazdasági Könyvek Agrárgazdasági Kutató Intézet, Budapest. 78 p. ISBN 978-963-491-574-4

The study summarises the assessed impacts on agriculture in Hungary of the changes to the Common Agricultural Policy for the period 2014-2020. It gives an insight into the agricultural policy analysis and the modelling work carried out by the Research Institute of Agricultural Economics, which can provide a basis for developing the country’s negotiating position.

Biró Szabolcs, Hamza Eszter, Molnár András, Rácz Katalin, Székely Erika, Tóth Kristóf, Tóth Orsolya and Varga Eszter (2012): Opportunities to increase employment in agriculture in the rural areas of Hungary. Agrárgazdasági Könyvek Agrárgazdasági Kutató Intézet, Budapest. 121 p. ISBN 978-963-491-575-1

In Hungarian agriculture, which plays an important role in rural employment, the signs of gradual restructuring can be seen. In the last decade the rural areas of Hungary – apart from showing significant regional and sectoral divergences – could be characterised by high unemployment levels and long-term structural unemployment, low levels of qualifications, wages below the national average, an increasing number of people applying for social benefits and also by ‘invisible incomes’ linked with tax...

Aliczki Katalin, Fieldsend Andrew F., Garay Róbert, Jankuné Kürthy Gyöngyi, Kovács Máté, Nyárs Levente, Papp Gergely, Potori Norbert and Radóczné Kocsis Teréz (2012): Support indicators of Hungarian agriculture based on EU internal market prices between 2000–2010. Agrárgazdasági Tanulmányok Agrárgazdasági Kutató Intézet, Budapest. 78 p. ISBN 978 963 491 571 3

The study presents the most recent modifications of the OECD’s PSE/CSE subsidy indicator system and analyses the trends in Hungarian agricultural supports between 2000 and 2010. Its main purpose is to compare the level of support for agriculture before and after Hungary’s accession to the European Union (EU). In order to carry out an objective analysis of the two periods, Hungarian farm gate prices and the EU’s agricultural prices have been compared. In this way the EU accession and the related changes...

Isépy Anett, Mándi-Nagy Dániel, Németh Noémi and Stummer Ildikó (2012): Experiences of the EU school milk and school fruit schemes in Hungary. Agrárgazdasági Könyvek Agrárgazdasági Kutató Intézet, Budapest. 85 p. ISBN 978-963-491-573-7

The purpose of our study was to describe and to evaluate the school milk and school fruit schemes, to introduce the reader to the legislative background and to describe developments in actual payments in Hungary and in the European Union. We intended to answer the following questions: firstly, why do the schools participate in the scheme and, secondly, what is the experience gained. We can conclude that the preliminary expectations of the schools participating in the school milk and school fruit...

Györe Dániel, Hamza Eszter, Juhász Anikó, Kujáni Katalin and Mácsai Éva (2012): The current performance and opportunities of farm-direct sales in the food supply. Is there a life outside the modern retail sector? chain in Hungary. ISSN 1418-2122 Agrárgazdasági Tanulmányok Agrárgazdasági Kutató Intézet, Budapest. 121 p. ISBN 978-963-491-579-9

The study examined alternative, direct to consumers sales channels of farmers in the fruits and vegetables, wine and dairy sectors. Our study showed that the new Hungarian legislation relating to farmers’ direct sales from 2010 improved the farmers’ opportunities. The main benefits of direct selling were: daily income (cash fl ow); increased profitability; a direct trust relationship with consumers; and reduced dependence on the buying power of retailers. The main limiting factors of direct sales...

Aliczki Katalin (2012): The expected impact of the upgrading of battery cages on egg production in Hungary. Agrárgazdasági Tanulmányok Agrárgazdasági Kutató Intézet, Budapest. 50 p. ISBN 978 963 491 572 0

The change in the legislative requirements regarding the type of cage has caused a transformation in egg production in the European Union (EU). The cage egg producers are obliged to make very costly investments to meet the welfare needs of hens. The consequent drop-out of the producers who are unable to finance the transition has radically changed the structure of egg production in the EU: the number of layers and the production of eggs have declined, and this has affected the price, the external...