Aliczki Katalin, Bartha Andrea, Fogarasi József, Garay Róbert, Kemény Gábor, Kovács Gábor, Kozak Anita, Kürthy Gyöngyi, Nyárs Levente, Potori Norbert, Varga Tibor and Vőneki Éva (2009): Risks and Risk Management in Agriculture. Agrárgazdasági Tanulmányok Agrárgazdasági Kutató Intézet, Budapest. 129 p. ISBN 978 963 491 536 2

Weather and market risks connected with agricultural production were always considered high, but a further increase in the hazard levels is expected in the future. Factors increasing risks include, among others, the stricter environmental and food safety provisions, the extreme weather conditions becoming more frequent due to climate change, the concentrated livestock and the expanding international trade (as facilitating the expansion of contagious animal diseases) and, in recent times, the crisis...

Györe Dániel and Wagner Hartmut (2008): The Social, Economic and Environmental Impacts of the Hypothetical Reduction of Direct Payments (first approach) ( / 7.) ISSN 1418 2122

In our study we have tried to find out whether the Hungarian and the EU producer, consumer and foreign trade prices had approached to each other during the last 8 years to a considerable extent. Our EU accession in 2004 and the explosion of the producer prices occurred in 2007 have rendered the argument especially actual. The price analysis has proven that by 2007, the Hungarian agricultural producer prices have increased close to the average EU price level. However the consumer prices of food products...

Bukai Andrej, Kürthy Gyöngyi, Pesti Csaba and Radóczné Kocsis Terézia (2008): The Tobacco Market and the Potential Future of Tobacco Production in Hungary and the European Union in the Light of the CAP Reform ( / 3) ISSN 1418 2122

The study presents the main trends of global tobacco production and trade and the impacts of the liberalisation of agricultural trade on the European tobacco market. It sums up the experiences of the implementation of the reform of the tobacco market, started in 2006, in the EU-15 member states. The impacts of the implementation of the tobacco reform on the production structure and the income of Hungarian tobacco holdings and on employment are analysed on the basis of the data of the KSH’s Farm Structure...

Erdész Ferencné and Kozak Anita (2008): Medicinal Plant Sector in Hungary - Production and Market Development ( / 4) ISSN 1418 2122

The study provides an overall analysis of the market of medicinal plants in global and European comparison and in Hungary, giving an overview of recent changes in the Hungarian phytopharmaceutical industry, domestic and foreign trade and the consumption trends. A separate chapter discusses the (unfortunately not very promising) prospects of the industry and the principal tasks in order to increase competitiveness, one of the most important of which is to update the legal background of the certification...

Dorgai László, Ludvig Katalin, Molnár András, Márkusz Péter, Pesti Csaba, Székely Erika, Tóth Erzsébet and Udovecz Gábor (2008): The Social, Economic and Environmental Impacts of the Hypothetical Reduction of Direct Payments (first approach) ( / 6) ISSN 1418 2122

The approaching review of the EU budget and more particularly of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), which will probably involve the cutback of agricultural subsidies have necessitated the analysis of the potential effects of the partial withdrawal of direct payments on the Hungarian agriculture, the subsistence and the social situation of the rural population and on regional differences. The paper surveys the distribution of direct payments by regions, sectors and the types of beneficiaries in...

Györe Dániel, Juhász Anikó, Kartali János, Kürti Andrea, Kőnig Gábor, Nyárs Levente, Radóczné Kocsis Terézia, Stauder Márta, Varga Edina, Vőneki Éva and Wagner Hartmut (2008): Hungarian Food Economy Export - Target Markets and Logistic Situation ( / 1) ISSN 1418 2122

We have examined 30 of the most important export markets of Hungarian agricultural and food products, focusing primarily on their relative importance to Hungary and whether or not they represent steady or expanding market opportunities. Our ten largest markets account for 63 percent of our total agricultural export; the share of Germany alone is 17%, whereas Austria and Russia represent 8 percent each. At the same time, imports from Hungary play but a marginal role, around 1 percent, in our most...

Hamza Eszter (2008): Supplementary Sources of Income for Farmers in Hungary ( / 5) ISSN 1418 2122

The study focuses on the possibilities of the expansion of the alternative income sources of farmers and business organisations specialising in farming, in particular the production and service activities outside the traditional core agricultural activities (cultivation of arable crops, livestock breeding, horticulture, grape and fruit-growing), the diversification of economic activities. Statistical data and the findings published in various studies are used to investigate the level and the main...

Czárl Adrienn, Kovács Gábor, Kürthy Gyöngyi and Varga Tibor (2008): The Efficiency of Agricultural Subsidies ( / 2) ISSN 1418 2122

In the study, we examined the ratios of agricultural subsidies that benefit farmers and the other operators along the product chain (landowners, input suppliers, wholesale buyers, etc.). Subsidies lead to shifts in the optimum allocation of resources and to price changes that realign the income of stakeholders in agribusiness (to the expense of farmers). The paper describes the methodological framework that enables the study of the nature and size of losses and the transfer efficiency of subsidies....